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Cybersecurity audits: Protect your website from cyberthreats

Cibersecurity

 

The growth of the Internet and the rise of digital technologies have revolutionized the way businesses operate. It has allowed companies to reach new customers and markets faster and more efficiently than ever before. However, the increased dependency on digital technologies has also opened the door to cybersecurity threats. These can range from data theft and fraud to ransomware and malware attacks.

To make periodic cybersecurity audits, helps to protect your websites and data of these threats, as they help to identify and resolve the vulnerabilities of your organization.
In this blog we tell you about:

What is an IT audit?

The main risks of not performing one, OWASP top 10 security risks, types of cyberattacks, how to understand ransomware, how to perform a cybersecurity audit and finally the benefits of doing so.

What is cybersecurity and why is it important?

Cybersecurity is the practice of safeguarding networks, systems and programs from digital attacks. These attacks are often to have carried out to access, change, or destroy sensitive information, extort money from users, or disrupt normal business processes. It is important for companies to protect their systems and data against these threats, as they can lead to data breaches, financial losses and reputational damage.

The most common cybersecurity threats are malware, phishing, social engineering and distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks.

What is a cybersecurity audit and why should it be performed?

A cybersecurity audit is an assessment of a company’s systems and data to identify potential security vulnerabilities. It is an important part of cybersecurity best practices. During it, an organization will identify, assess the security risks associated with its current systems and data and develop plans to mitigate those risks.


The main benefits of a cybersecurity audit are that it can help identify the potential threats before they become a problem and it can help an organization better to understand its security posture. It can also impact organizations to prioritize their security efforts and determine where to assign resources.


What are the main risks of not performing a cybersecurity audit?

The main risks of not performing a cybersecurity audit are that organizations become more vulnerable to data breaches, financial loss and reputational damage. Without an audit, companies are more exposed to malicious attacks from hackers and other cybercriminals.

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For example, hackers can access an organization’s confidential data or financial information, which may result in financial loss and reputational damage. In addition, hackers can use ransomware to encrypt an organization’s data and demand a ransom to decrypt it. 

Finally, if an organization doesn’t have appropriate security measures in place, it can be vulnerable to distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, which can lead to the disruption of business operations.
 

What is OWASP and its top 10 security risks?

The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) is an project that promotes best practices in web application security. It produces the OWASP Top 10, a list of the most critical security risks that organizations need to address.

El OWASP Top 10 incluye los siguientes riesgos:

  • Injection
  • Broken authentication
  • Exposure of sensitive data
  • External XML entities
  • Broken access control
  • Security wrong configuration
  • Cross-site scripting
  • Insecure Deserialization
  • Use of components with known weaknesses
  • Insufficient logging and monitoring

Organizations should be aware of these risks and take steps to mitigate them.


Types of cyber-attacks

Cyber-attacks take many forms and can target organizations of any size. Some of the commonly encountered types of attacks include:

What is malware?

Malware is malicious software designed to damage or disable computers and networks can compromise the operation of a device and can even steal confidential information.

What is phishing?

Phishing is a form of social engineering attack in which attackers send emails or messages that appear to advance from recognized companies in order to deceive users into revealing confidential information or clicking on malicious links. Social engineering is the use of deception to manipulate people into revealing confidential information or performing actions that benefit the attacker.

What is a DDoS attack?

Finally, a DDoS attack happens when an attacker will flood a website or the server with false requests in order to saturate and make it unavailable to the legitimate users.

What is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a malicious software that encrypts an organization’s data and demands the ransom to decrypt it. One of the most dangerous cybersecurity dangers, it can have devastating consequences for organizations.

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Ransomware is usually distributed through malicious emails or links. Once the user clicks on the bad link or opens the email, the ransomware is downloaded and gets executed on the user’s computer. The ransomware will encrypt the user’s data, making it inaccessible. After that, the attacker can demand a security to decrypt the data.
Organizations should be aware of the risks posed by cyber-attacks and take steps to protect their systems and data against them.
 

How to perform a cybersecurity audit?

To protect their systems and data from cyber-attacks, organizations should conduct regular cybersecurity audits. A cybersecurity audit is an assessment of a company’s systems and data to identify potential security vulnerabilities. During an audit, an organization will identify and assessment the security risks associated with its current systems and data and develop plans to potentially those risks.

Organizations should begin by conducting a risk assessment to identify potential threats and weaknesses. To do this, they can conduct internal and external security scans and analyze the results. Companies should also review their existing security policies and processes to be sure they are up-to-date and appropriate. Finally, companies should develop and implement a security plan to address identified risks and security weaknesses.

Best practices for performing cybersecurity audits.

When have been conducting a cybersecurity audit, companies should follow best practices to make sure their audit is as effective as possible. Some of these best practices include:

  • Identify and assess security risks.
  • Establishing a security plan.
  • Implementing security controls.
  • Regularly monitoring and testing systems and networks.
  • Educate employees on cybersecurity with best practices.
  • Establish incident response plans.
  • Regularly updating security policies and procedures.

Following these best practices, organizations can ensure that their cybersecurity audit is effective and that their systems and data are secure.

The benefits of performing cybersecurity audits.

The main benefit of conducting a cybersecurity audit is that it can help identify potential threats before they become a problem and can help an organization better understand its security posture. It also can help companies prioritize their security efforts and determine where to allocate resources. In addition, conducting regular audits can help organizations stay abreast of the latest security trends and best practices.

Finally, conducting periodic audits, can help organizations protect their systems and data from cyber-attacks and prevent data breaches, financial losses and reputational damage.

In conclusion, cybersecurity is an important part of protecting an organization from cyberattacks. The goal is to be in a constant process of protecting its systems and data from these threats, organizations should conduct regular cybersecurity audits to identify and address vulnerabilities. During an audit, organizations must determine and assess security risks, develop a security plan, and implement security controls to regularly monitor and test systems and networks. In addition, companies should establish incident response plans and periodically update their security policies and procedures. By following these best practices, companies can ensure that their cybersecurity auditing is effective and that their systems and data are secure. 

While cybercriminals are always looking for new ways to exploit your information online, there are also several ways you can prevent and protect yourself against information theft. Learn about the services and support that Nivelics can provide for your organization, through experts in the field. This in turn allows us to provide solutions to your needs and those of the market.

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